Firefighting trucks.


Do you know how to build, construct and run a rescue station? An article about a small town rescue station in Sweden, including all the technical specifications.

Definitions of fire engine:

A vehicle carrying firefighters and equipment for fighting large fires.
But we say fire trucks, since the engine is a motor.


Example 1: There were no vehicles on the island apart from one fire engine , one police car and one ambulance.

Example 2: One fire engine and a specialist salvage unit, which carries flood related equipment, attended the incident.

And some criticism we found online:
Do you want your children trapped in a fire because the fire truck was busy with something else, cause it was cheaper to send a fire engine rather than an ambulance to a heart attack?
(They have probably privatized the ambulance service and kept the fire department's still runned by the City Authorities)

ON FRONTPAGE: Do you know how to build, construct and run a rescue station ? An article about a small town rescue station in Sweden, including the technical specifications and facts on gear, equipment, what type of rescue and firefighting vehicles they use, plus some info on their alarm systems used et cetera. This article is meant to teach you about infrastructure. Happy learning and reading dear Sir / Madam. Here we go.

The Station.

The station were built in the late 1990's and can be considered to be a very modern and an up-to-date firefight and ambulance station, according to general European and Swedish standards.

Fire station building at night.

A Swedish rescue or fire station normally have a vehicle depot for fire engines and some form of repair and wash station. The number of vehicles in a depot varies. Full-time stations in Sweden tend to have an office department for officers and administration, and a living room. Often there is also a kitchen or small kitchenette. Full time stations are commonly found to have either have dormitories, dressing rooms, or individual bedrooms.

In Bollnäs, Sweden, they have the ambulances and fire engines under the same station roof. Therefore the name 'rescue station'. The Police station is located a few minutes away when driving or 20 minutes when walking. The rescue station is built close to the newly built hospital (it's on the other side of the road).

I want to show you a van in the station. Check below!

Disaster and Catastrophe Vehicle.

This is the Disaster and Catastrophe Vehicle, used if heavier emergencies occur, that brings extra medical supplies and aid to the location. All extra material support needed to be used by doctors, nurses and other rescue or emergency personnel.

Shouldn't this type of vehicle be more heavily used, or become available as standard equipment in your own town or city also?
They are nice to have when a major disaster happens. For example if a full-crowded bus has an accident, and you have over 40 people injured at the crash site. You probably won't have 40 ambulances to bring everyone to the hospital at once, so you need to start treating many peoples injuries there, right on the crash spot.

Other examples are when a football arena roof falls down on the crowd or a school shooting happens. Then you need to treat many at once directly at the scene of event - and therefore you need a special Disaster and Catastrophe Vehicle that brings with it, all the extra medical supplies, medication, tools and instruments (like blankets, painkillers, stethoscopes, oxygentubes and breathingmasks, heart restarters and bandages et cetera).

The thing is that not every city has a vehicle like this. But they should have.

Better medical aid and more medical options and supplies, to be used by the emergency crews, at any bigger catastrophe location. Talk to your local politicians to buy you one of these vehicles. The vehicle should be able to serve you if needed. To wait on stand-by, supporting your area, community or neighborhood. Either you are prepared and have this medical support vehicle or similar ready, waiting on stand-by to be used, ..or you can buy your town or city 50 ambulances and a bigger garage, to be able to handle a simple bus to bus collision. Your choice to make.

That's how important I think this is.
And if you have an airport... LUCKY YOU! You might need 2 of these!

Disaster and Catastrophe Vehicle image 2.

Above: This is a photo of the Disaster and Catastrophe vehicle again. Or "KATASTROF FORDON" as we say it in Swedish. You can see that word painted along the upper side of this vehicle. If you look closer at the image, you can see that it has a green power cable attached to the side of it, constantly charging the batteries, for max efficiency, and to keep the truck 100% operational at all times.

A photo of the Disaster and Catastrophe vans interior.

A photo of the Disaster and Catastrophe vans interior.

If you are facing the garage from the outside, the administration offices and the visitor reception desk are located to the far right side of the building, and the part of the rescue station that contains the fire brigades vehicles are to the left, and the ambulances vehicle depot, are in the middle of this picture. On the upper floor there are kitchen, bedrooms, a bigger dining and living room with a TV-set and a wall-mounted Alarm Display Screen, plus also a smaller TV-room with a sofa, where they usually watch like icehockey-games or soccer. (Sports)
And on the back of the building there are training areas, as a gym and a gymnastics hall, plus a vehicle repair garage. That was it. Except the washing station that are in a smaller building next to this one, to the left.
Let's take a look at everything in the below pictures!

You can see the ambulance vehicle depot from the inside on this image.

Here you see a part of the ambulance crews dressing room.

The interior of a smaller Swedish ambulance. Below is how it looks on the outside.

Now let's take a look at the rest of the station!

The fire brigades vehicle depot!

Below: On one wall in the fire brigades garage these displays are mounted. This is the alarm system displays, showing where an accident or fire have happened, and the address to there, the time right now, and the lower display shows the windspeed and direction, which is important to know for example when you have a wild fire, since the fire tend to move in the direction of the wind. So you know in which direction to evacuate people and which buildings to protect before the fire reaches there et cetera.

The firefighters dressing room, next to the vehicle depot. Their helmets are on top of the cabinets!

Below are 5 camera pics taken in the fire brigades garage. To the right in the first picture you can see a trailer with an aluminium motorboat.

Here's the tanker outside the wash station.

The fire brigades utility truck with a 4 WD motorcycle on a trailer, coming out from the carwash garage.

The vehicle repair depot.

They have some tools on site.

My "tour guide" Brandmästare Pär Wikblad. A light translation of "Brandmästare" would be "Chief of fire control". A very nice man.
He tells me that it takes 2 years to complete the training school, before joining the fire brigade. And it's also a lot of tough demands on your physical performance before receiving the training and during it, to after exams, be selected and working as a firefighter in a fire or rescue station. As you understand, you have to be able to lift or pull a body out of a building, under burning fire. In the image above he shows me the rescue stations gym. This gym seems to be heavily used, since I met two firefighters training there, when I entered the gym room. They did not want to appear on picture, sweaty and so, and left the gym briefly so I could take this photo. The fine part is that they can train their body during work hours, and not try to achieve their muscle buildup outside of work in their free time.

They also have a sports hall next to the gym. The goal on the other side of the hall indicates that they play field hockey here.

Their kitchen on the upper floor.

The dining area, which is also located on the upper floor, on the opposite side of the kitchen. You can observe the emergency alarm screen, that shows the emergency location and type of alarm alert, hanging there, to the right of the door in front of you.

Take a look at one of the individual bedrooms above. This one were unused, but shows what standard you can expect. There are separate toilets in all bedrooms. You are probably free to decorate your own room as you wish, but I forgot to ask them about that. I will contact them for an answer later.

Here's the tanker fully operational again, after the carwash (truck wash). It looks good, doesn't it? Shiny and in perfect operational condition.

About the BAS Rescue Vehicle and Fire Engine!

The heavy BAS truck is a fire engine or extinguishing / emergency vehicle that is built and purchased by special requirements developed by the Swedish Rescue Services Agency and Local Authorities. It is adapted to be included in Swedish emergency preparedness at the height (of war), and therefore includes 4 heaters. For the crew cab, the cabinets, the tank and the engine/motor, since the winters in Sweden can be both harsh and long. And if the truck stood outside in the Swedish winter, for a few hours, nothing would work, without the heaters. It's hard to put out a fire with 3 tons of ice.

The BAS fire trucks also have a much longer warranty period than other regular vehicles. Over 300 BAS trucks have been built in Sweden. All of them have double crew cabin, midship-mounted pumps, generators, light towers and tanks (usually 3000 liters of water and 400 liters of foam liquid). In addition, each fire department can equip the vehicles as they want, most often with heavy hydraulic metal cutters, for traffic accidents, and sometimes with extra oxygen supply tubes for smoke divers. The basic chassis are built at Scania or Volvo.
The BAS IV - released in the late 1990s, are a combined extinguishing and tank truck with double cab, or crew cab as it's called, and 5900 liter of tank volume (usually 5,500 liters of water and 400 liters of foam liquid), and these fire trucks are heavily ordered from the manufacturer. They are easy to operate, repair and maintain. So just get one! Or two! For your own town or city !

There are different options to choose from.
Here's a link to the Swedish BAS FIRE TRUCK / FIRE ENGINE manufacturer: See their website.

Support & Service
Our customer support, which is active throughout the Nordic region, is at your disposal 24 hours a day throughout the year!
Thanks to everyone at Bollnäs Rescue Station, for your co-operation during the making of this article! We are most grateful.

-Do you cook together, or do you eat your own food?
-What are a Swedish firefighters starting salary?
-How many false, and real, alarms do you get per month?
-How big area and population, do you you serve?

--Here comes the first update :
Yes, there are false alarms = up 2 to 3 per month. And NO, they don't cook or prepare their meals together. The starting salary for a newly employed Swedish firefighter is around $ 2350-$3000 (depending on what the dollar is worth converting it from Swedish, but in SEK it will be 23.500 Kronor) -before paying your government income taxes which is around 30%-35% depending on many circumstances such where you live and how much you make per year. The county you live in can apply different taxes and if you live in a income-rich county you get a lower county tax. Those areas who are poor adds a few percent to be able to function. Street lights, road maintenance et cetera.
The rest of the arised questions, I have to ask next them next time I pass by their rescue station, because they were busy testing their only ladder/skylift firetruck, just outside of the garage, and since they were busy working with it, it was not the time to ask more questions.
They had some error with the stability when the beam was high rised. It tended to wiggle a few inches when moved sideways to a halt. It should be stable. When you move the basket with the joystick (standing in it), it should not wiggle when stopped. In a certain aspect it feels un-secure being very high up from the ground in a metal basket, if it doesn't follow the joystick orders precisely. It should not wiggle, it should be perfect, and one of the firefighters were on phone with the manufacturer, so if you understand, HELLO! ..excuse me, I would like to know more about your eating habit.
It was not the time.
See you!

And at the end :
When this truck shows up like this with blue lights

A fire truck or fire engine as it is also called - from another country (USA) - just for some comparison purposes. The fine thing is that they got the American flag painted in the front. Never seen another country do like that. Although we got heavy and robust equipment here in Scandinavia.
Wilmington Fire Department fire truck

Wilmington Fire Department rolls out a new $1.2 million USD fire truck.
The new fire truck, a 2018 Pierce Velocity Ascendant Tandem Axle 107’ Aerial, is replacing a 21 year older vehicle.
Looks great! I would like to test it "as in action" and see how it perform compared to the European firefighting vehicles.

Thanks for reading everything !
Have a great day!

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