Printing 3D, also known as additive manufacturing (AM), are processes used to synthesize a three-dimensional object in which successive layers of material are formed under computer control to create the object. These objects can be of almost any shape or geometry and are produced from digital model data 3D model or other electronic data source such as an Additive Manufacturing File (AMF) file. Early Additive Manufacturing (or AM) equipment and materials were developed in the 1980s.
3D printable models may be created with a computer aided design (CAD) package, via a 3D scanner, or by a plain digital camera and photogrammetry software. 3D printed models created with CAD result in reduced errors and can be corrected before printing, allowing verification in the design of the object before it is printed.
The manual modeling process of preparing geometric data for 3D computer graphics is similar to plastic arts such as sculpting. 3D scanning is a process of collecting digital data on the shape and appearance of a real object, creating a digital model based on it.
Large 3D printers have been developed for industrial, education, and demonstrative uses. A large delta-style 3D printer was built in 2014 by SeeMeCNC. The printer is capable of making an object with diameter of up to 4 feet (1.2 m) and up to 10 feet (3.0 m) in height. It also uses plastic pellets as the raw material instead of the typical plastic filaments used in other 3D printers.
Another type of large printer is Big Area Additive Manufacturing (BAAM). The goal is to develop printers that can produce a large object in high speed. A BAAM machine of Cincinnati Incorporated can produce an object at the speeds 200-500 times faster than typical 3D printers available in 2014. Another BAAM machine is being developed by Lockheed Martin with an aim to print long objects of up to 100 feet (30 m) to be used in aerospace industries
In early 2014, the Swedish supercar manufacturer, Koenigsegg, announced the One:1, a supercar that utilizes many components that were 3D printed. In the limited run of vehicles Koenigsegg produces, the One:1 has side-mirror internals, air ducts, titanium exhaust components, and complete turbocharger assemblies that were 3D printed as part of the manufacturing process.
In 2012, the US-based group Defense Distributed disclosed plans to design a working plastic gun that could be downloaded and reproduced by anybody with a 3D printer. Defense Distributed has also designed a 3D printable AR-15 type rifle lower receiver (capable of lasting more than 650 rounds) and a 30 round M16 magazine.
This is a 3D Printed Sniper Rifle from the PC-game Fallout-3 made as a working paintball-gun.
In October 24, 2014, a five-year-old girl born without fully formed fingers on her left hand became the first child in the UK to have a prosthetic hand made with 3D printing technology.
3D printing is also being utilized by air forces to print spare parts for planes. In May 2015 Airbus announced that its new Airbus A350 XWB included over 1000 components manufactured by 3D printing.
HOW MUCH DOES A 3D PRINTER COST?
For home and small business use, around $800 - $ 3000 US.
How much does it cost to print a smaller 3D object?
-About and around $ 10 for a 100 gram object. (Including material, electricity etc.)
And it takes around 5 hours to make it using the MakerBot2.
ZYYX 3D Printer.
LEARN MORE ABOUT 3D PRINTING HERE:
Use the zoom function below in the viewer window as you wish. It can take a while, a minute or so, to load the library book in the viewer because it's on 48 MB, but then it works. It loads automatically. You can also download the e-book from our library for offline reading. Just click book cover below.
-CLICK HERE- TO DOWNLOAD 3D PRINTING FOR DUMMIES NOW!
3D printer Optomec LENS 850R in process.
This is how 'they' believe houses will be built in the future. A few attempts have been made so far and they are promising.
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Have a great political life and please 3D print a CYBORG!